What you should know about Spermicide
permicides are chemicals that prevent pregnancy by killing sperm. Spermicides are available as a cream, foam, jelly, tablet, suppository, or film.
How should I use Spermicide?
Of 100 women each year who use only spermicides for birth control, about 28 may get pregnant. The risk of pregnancy is much greater in women who don't use spermicides correctly and consistently.
The spermicide is put deeply inside the vagina and works to prevent pregnancy by killing sperm before they can reach an egg to fertilize it. Instructions can be different for each type of spermicide, so read the label carefully before use.
With any type of spermicide, don't insert it more than one hour before having sex. Spermicide should remain in the vagina at least 6-8 hours after sex. Do not rinse or douche the vagina for at least six hours after sex.
The Cons of Using Spermicide Alone
- Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.
- Some women may experience irritation, allergic reactions, or urinary tract infections.
- Spermicides might not work as well if you're also using medication for a vaginal yeast infection.
- Spermicides that contain nonoxynol-9 (N-9) can irritate the vagina and may increase the risk of getting HIV if your partner has HIV.